The American Hospital Association has released eight case studies from hospitals and health systems across the country that highlight how systems of different shapes and sizes are reacting to the financial challenges posed by COVID-19.
The case studies include Kindred Healthcare and TIRR Memorial Hermann in Houston; AdventHealth Central Florida Division in Orlando, Florida; the Loretto Hospital in Chicago; Kittitas Valley Healthcare in Ellensburg, Washington; Washington Regional Medical Center in Fayetteville, Arkansas; Banner Health in Phoenix; UR Medicine Thompson Health in Canandaigua, New York; and the Queen's Health Systems and the Queen's Medical Center in Honolulu.
Across the board, every case study revealed that hospitals and health systems are asking Congress for more relief funding.
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"We are begging for more assistance and more help because we can't keep moving forward," said Michael Stapleton, the president and CEO of UR Medicine Thompson Health in New York.
WHAT'S THE IMPACT?
In Texas, the state with the third most COVID-19 cases, Kindred Healthcare and TIRR Memorial Hermann have begun to rely on inpatient rehabilitation facilities and long-term acute care hospitals to treat COVID-19-positive and medically complex recovering COVID-19 patients.
"In particular, as communities and hospitals struggled to meet ICU capacity needs, these hospitals stepped forward to take care of COVID-19-positive patients and others to help provide beds for more COVID-19-positive patients," the case study said.
However, even with assistance from local facilities, post-acute care providers have incurred increased costs to prepare for and treat COVID-19-positive patients and complex post-COVID-19 patients.
"When you look at lost revenue and volumes, and the additional costs of ramping up to prepare for COVID-19, whether it's personal protective equipment, respiratory systems, medications or facility infrastructure changes, there are significant dollars associated with that," said Jerry Ashworth, the senior vice president and CEO at TIRR Memorial Hermann.
AdventHealth in Florida has taken financial hits from declining elective procedures and purchasing personal protective equipment. The company says it has lost $263 million since the start of the pandemic and has spent $254 million sourcing PPE.
"Florida is in the middle of the crisis," said Todd Goodman, division chief financial officer of AdventHealth. "Our current COVID numbers are four times higher than the peak that we had back in April. We are bringing in higher-priced nurses and staff from other parts of the nation, because of a rapid increase in inpatient census. We are in a different place today than we were even six weeks ago."
COVID-19 has disproportionately affected communities of color across the country, but especially in Chicago, where 30% of the population is Black. Forty-six percent of all COVID-19 cases and 57% of all deaths are Black people.
Despite having 70% of its admissions being related to COVID-19, the Loretto Hospital in Chicago has not received any funds from the Coronavirus Aid, Relief, and Economic Security Act hot spot distribution.
"Our COVID-19 unit is full and has been for the last three months; we're now at 296 COVID-19 patients [on July 16] and yet we've not received any of the COVID-19 high impact 'hot spot' payments," said George Miller, the president and CEO of the Loretto Hospital. "We got the Small Business Administration loan to help keep our team members employed."
Kittitas Valley Healthcare in Washington was among the first in the country to feel the impact of COVID-19. The rural delivery system and its critical access hospital postponed elective surgeries and many other nonessential services in response.
"Our revenues and volumes fell off a cliff," said Julie Petersen, the CEO of Kittitas Valley Healthcare. "Our orthopedics programs, our GI [gastrointestinal] programs and cataract surgeries evaporated."
Now, the hospital is off its original 2020 net revenue projections by $8.4 million.
After seeing a 12% rise in COVID-19 cases over a two-week period in Fayetteville, Arkansas, the Washington Regional Medical Center had 96% of its 40 intensive care unit beds occupied, a 20-bed COVID-19 ICU was completely full, and 298 of the facility's 315 adult beds were occupied.
Taking care of these patients put the health system in a financial crisis. Its net patient revenue declined by $14 million in April. It furloughed 350 of its 3,300 employees and reduced the hours of 360 full-time workers, according to Larry Shackelford, the president and CEO of Washington Regional Medical Center.
On July 12, Banner Health in Arizona had more than 1,500 inpatients who either tested COVID-positive or are suspected of having COVID-19, representing 45% of the COVID-19 inpatient hospitalizations in the state, according to Dr. Marjorie Bessel, the chief clinical officer at Banner Health.
Banner expects operating losses of $500 million for 2020, compared to its initial expectations, with expected revenue losses approaching $1 billion for the year, according to the case study.
By mid-March, New York had 15 times more COVID-19 cases than any other state, according to the case study. Like the rest of the state, UR Medicine Thompson Health shut down many of its services, resulting in "insurmountable" financial losses and staff furloughs.
"Our first projection was a $17 million loss through the year-end," Stapleton said. "We lost half of March, all of April and half of May. The hospital has received only $3.1 million from the CARES Act tranche payments."
Although the Queen's Health Systems and the Queen's Medical Center in Hawaii are starting to reschedule appointments, surgeries and procedures that had been delayed by COVID-19, patients aren't coming back as anticipated.
"Even with the pent-up demand for elective procedures, minimally invasive and even short-stay procedures are still down by about 18%. We are seeing our in-person clinic visits down by about 14%, and the emergency department (ED) is the one that surprised us the most – down by 38%," said Jason Chang, president of the Queen's Medical Center and chief operating officer of the Queen's Health Systems and the Queen's Medical Center.
The systems lost $127 million between March and May, according to Chang. He says the projected losses are about $60 million for 2021, but could reach $300 million if Hawaii experiences a second wave of COVID-19.
THE LARGER TREND
The AHA has cited $323 billion in losses industry-wide due to the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic, with U.S. hospitals anticipating about $120 billion in losses from July to December alone.
It was joined by the American Nurses Association and the American Medical Association to ask Congress to provide additional funding to the original $100 billion from the CARES Act. In a letter sent in July, the organizations asked for "at least an additional $100 billion to the emergency relief fund to provide direct funding to front line health care personnel and providers, including nurses, doctors, hospitals and health systems, to continue to respond to this pandemic."
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