CareFirst BlueCross BlueShield reported last week that the second year (2012) of its patient-centered medical home (PCMH) program yielded cost savings of $98 million for 1 million members covered by the effort.
CareFirst, which covers 3.4 million individuals and groups in Maryland, the District of Columbia and Northern Virginia, said the results represent a savings of 2.7 percent on the total projected 2012 healthcare costs for PCMH-covered members and improve upon the 1.5 percent savings against projected costs registered by the program in 2011.
Approximately 66 percent of participating primary care panels – groups of physicians that join together to participate in the PCMH program – earned increased reimbursements for their 2012 performance in the program, according to CareFirst. Increased reimbursement levels – or Outcome Incentive Awards (OIAs) – are based on a combination of savings achieved by a particular panel against projected 2012 total care costs for CareFirst members and performance on quality measures related to the provision of care to the panel's patients, the not-for-profit company said.
"These results are encouraging," commented CareFirst President and CEO Chet Burrell in a prepared statement. "The PCMH program was designed with the goal of bending the healthcare cost trend, and our second year results suggest that program is having just such an impact. In addition, more participating panels achieved savings and the vast majority of those who did so in 2011 were able to sustain those results in 2012. It is a measurable and meaningful step in the right direction of slowing the rise of healthcare costs."
Currently, nearly 3,600 primary care providers (primary care physicians and nurse practitioners) participate in CareFirst's PCMH program. One hundred-ninety six of the 297 eligible panels (66 percent) earned OIAs for the 2012 program year; 60 percent of panels earned OIAs in the program's first year. The level of OIA for each panel is based on both the level of quality and degree of savings achieved by the participants of the panel, CareFirst said.
Among the 2012 PCMH program highlights:
- Primary care panels earning OIAs achieved an average 4.7 percent savings against expected 2012 care costs.
- Panels that did not earn OIAs registered costs that averaged 3.6 percent higher than expected in 2012; an improvement over 2011 performance when panels that did not earn an OIA recorded costs 4 percent higher than expected.
- 74 percent of panels that earned OIAs in 2011 earned them again in 2012, meaning their patients registered lower than expected total healthcare costs for two consecutive years.
- On average, panels earning OIAs will see an increase in their reimbursement level of 29 percentage points. This increase is in addition to a 12-percentage point increase paid to all participants that continue to remain in good standing in the PCMH program.
- Quality scores for panels that earned OIAs were 3.7 percent higher than for panels that did not earn OIAs in 2012. Overall, quality scores for PCMH panels rose by 9.3 percent from 2011 to 2012.
"While the numbers are important, they don't tell the entire story," said Burrell in a news release announcing program results. "We are now well into the third year of the PCMH program, and we have created an infrastructure of nursing support, easily accessible online tools and data, and targeted health programs that make it possible for primary care providers to more effectively manage care for their sickest patients in a more coordinated fashion than ever before. Thousands of our members are benefitting directly from this care coordination and that impact will grow substantially as the program matures."
CareFirst expanded its PCMH program with an Innovation Challenge Grant from the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services. The company plans on launching its grant-supported Maryland PCMH pilot this summer.